Probably, the flavonoids detected in HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 possess a similar mode of action against S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), and the five MRSA clinical strains tested. Jardim Sensorial do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were spectrophotometrically determined. Cell number was reduced with release of the bacterial content. These findings are confirmed by Chimnoi et al. Kalanchoe Species: Kalanchoe crenata Name []. Growth control () was also prepared and incubated at the same conditions. Nome científico: Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. The antioxidant capacity of HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 was expressed as the 50% effective concentration (EC50), which was defined as the concentration (μg/mL) of extract required to reduce 50% of DPPH or to obtain 50% antioxidant effect [27]. 2017;18(9):858–867. HEJ70 ( RAA ascorbic acid) and HEJ50 ( RAA ascorbic acid) were more effective to reduce Mo (VI) to Mo (V) while the lowest effect was shown by HES30 ( RAA ascorbic acid). The mode of action was investigated by time-kill, bacterial cell viability, and leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assays against Salmonella. enterica serovar Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708™), Salmonella enterica subsp. ABSTRACT. Seja Bem vindo! and Salmonella Enteritidis, respectively) of patients who attended at Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro city, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. For better understanding of the phytochemicals of K. brasiliensis, the chemical profiles of HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were established by HPLC-DAD, where the chromatograms at 254 nm exhibited six main peaks (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 or 7), as depicted in Figure 1 (HEJ30, HEJ50, and HEJ70) and Figure 2 (HES30, HES50, and HES70). Kalanchoe Species: Kalanchoe crenata Name []. The species Kalanchoe brasiliensis, known as “Saião, ” has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antihistamine activities. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. Kalanchoe aegyptiaca DC. B. Bezerra, G. M. P. Santiago, C. M. Feitosa, R. Verpoorte, and R. Braz Filho, “Atividades larvicida e anticolinesterásica de plantas do gênero, J. G. da Silva, M. d. S. V. Pereira, A. P. D. Gurgel, J. P. de Siqueira-Júnior, and I. Isitor G. Wound healing potential of ethanolic extract of Kalanchoe pinnata Lam. Antioxidant, antibacterial activity, and phytochemical characterization of Melaleuca cajuputi extract. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! According to Costa et al. The reaction was monitored by discoloration of β-carotene by absorbance reduction measurement at 470 nm, with reading at 15 min intervals for a total of 120 min, using a microplate reader (Thermo Scientific™, Multiskan™ Sky Microplate Spectrophotometer, Waltham, MA, USA), in triplicate. (99.5%) at a ratio of 30 : 70 (HEJ30, HES30), 50 : 50 (HEJ50, HES50), and 70 : 30 (HEJ70, HES70) ethanol : water () in a plant : solvent proportion of 1 : 1 () using a mechanical blender. These authors demonstrated that the presence of glutathione increased antibacterial activity of β-lactams, revealing that this substance could act as a differential antibiotic susceptibility modulator for bacteria. Journals Books Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic…, Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic extract (a) 30% (HEJ30), (b) 50% (HEJ50), and…, Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic extract (a) 30% (HES30), (b) 50% (HES50), and…, Time-kill curves of the hydroethanolic extract 70% from Kalanchoe brasiliensis fresh leaves collected…, Results of the bacterial cell viability assay after exposure to hydroethanolic extract 70%…, Results of the leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assay expressed as…, NLM 2(15): 196. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18 ) which reports it as a synonym (record 8902741 ). is a native Brazilian plant popularly known as “saião”, and the juice of its fresh leaves is traditionally used to treat several disorders, including inflammatory and infectious processes such as dysentery. [28], using ascorbic acid as the standard. -, de Oliveira J. S. S., da Silva Santos G., Moraes J. [Cited as Kalanchoe crenata.] CDS-APQ-04680-10), and Pró-Reitoria de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa of the Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (including fellowships). Kalanchoe magnidens N.E.Br. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. Among them, the flavonoids, the largest and most important group of phenolic compounds in nature, are considered an essential component in the diversity of medicinal, nutraceutical, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic applications [8]. A. Moraes et al., “Reactive oxygen species generation mediated by NADPH oxidase and PI3K/Akt pathways contribute to invasion of Streptococcus agalactiae in human endothelial cells,”, S. Harakeh, I. Khan, S. B. Almasaudi, E. I. Azhar, S. al-Jaouni, and A. Niedzweicki, “Role of nutrients and phyto-compounds in the modulation of antimicrobial resistance,”, M. Goswami, S. H. Mangoli, and N. Jawali, “Antibiotics and antioxidants: friends or foes during the therapy?”, Z. Allameh and J. Salamzadeh, “Use of antioxidants in urinary tract infection,”, S. S. Chatterjee, “From covalent bonds to eco-physiological pharmacology of secondary plant metabolites,”, A. N. Panche, A. D. Diwan, and S. R. Chandra, “Flavonoids: an overview,”, R. Milad, S. El-Ahmady, and A. N. Singab, “Genus, R. H. V. Mourão, F. O. Santos, E. M. Franzotti, M. P. N. Moreno, and A. R. Antoniolli, “Antiinflammatory activity and acute toxicity (LD, S. S. Costa, A. Jossang, B. Bodo, M. L. M. Souza, and V. L. G. Moraes, “Patuletin acetylrhamnosides from, T. Ibrahim, J. M. T. Cunha, K. Madi, L. M. B. da Fonseca, S. S. Costa, and V. L. Gonçalves Koatz, “Immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of, S. S. Costa, M. L. M. Souza, T. Ibrahim et al., “Kalanchosine dimalate, an anti-inflammatory salt from, F. V. Fonseca, M. M. Melo, J. Silva, G. P. Pereira, and A. M. Dantas-Barros, “Extratos de, C. M. Feitosa, R. M. Freitas, N. N. N. Luz, M. Z. Barc Newsletter. Hydroethanolic extracts (70%, summer and spring) were the most active against the tested Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains, showing the bacteriostatic action of 5000 μg/mL. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. A review,”, L. A. Pham-Huy, H. He, and C. Pham-Huy, “Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health,”, V. Kuete, “Potential of Cameroonian plants and derived products against microbial infections: a review,”, W. Fabry, P. O. Okemo, and R. Ansorg, “Antibacterial activity of East African medicinal plants,”, G. M. A. Cunha, A. Na medicina popular é utilizada contra lesões teciduais, bronquites, inflamações e úlceras em muitas partes do mundo. A. Matos, “Atividade antimicrobiana de plantas popularmente usadas no Ceará,”, P. N. Reddy, K. Srirama, and V. R. Dirisala, “An update on clinical burden, diagnostic tools, and therapeutic options of, T. M. da Costa, P. G. M. Morgado, F. S. Cavalcante, A. P. Damasco, S. A. Nouér, and K. R. N. dos Santos, “Clinical and microbiological characteristics of heteroresistant and vancomycin-intermediate, C. Babii, L. G. Bahrin, A. N. Neagu et al., “Antibacterial activity and proposed action mechanism of a new class of synthetic tricyclic flavonoids,”, S. Farooq, A. T. Wahab, C. D. A. Fozing, A. U. Rahman, and M. I. Choudhary, “Artonin I inhibits multidrug resistance in, C. N. Fhogartaigh and D. A. These MRSA strains were previously investigated by da Costa et al. [33]. Familia: Crassulaceae Subfamilia: Kalanchoideae Genus: Kalanchoe Subgenus: K. subg. Subsequently, flavonoid glycosides derived from eupafolin were additionally detected as well as quercetin-O-hexoside-O-deoxyhexoside [21]. SUPP 2: Figure 2: UV-Vis spectra analysis of the six peaks detected in the chromatographic profiles of 30%, 50%, and 70% hydroethanolic extracts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis fresh leaves collected in September (HES30, HES50, and HES70) by HPLC-DAD at 254 nm. Kalanchoe brasiliensis, the folha-da-fortuna, saião, folha-da-costa or coerama, is a plant species in the genus Kalanchoe. Kalanchoe diversa N.E.Br. [46] focusing on the analysis of the clinical and microbiological characteristics of heteroresistant (hVISA) and vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) from bloodstream infections (BSI) in a Brazilian teaching hospital. The lipid peroxidation method is related to the generation of free radicals in human diseases which play a significant pathological role. Sadiq et al. Prior to use in the bioassays, these strains were aerobically grown in Müeller-Hinton agar (MHA) at for 18-24 h. In this article, we used S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), E. coli (ATCC® 10536), E. coli (ATCC® 25922), S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708), S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311), P. aeruginosa (ATCC® 9027), P. aeruginosa (ATCC® 27853), MRSA 1485279, MRSA 1605677, MRSA 1664534, MRSA 1688441, MRSA 1830466, S. Enteritidis 1406591, S. Enteritidis 1418594, S. Enteritidis 1628260, Salmonella spp. The bacteriostatic effect, previously observed by MBC determination, was also preserved during 24 h of incubation for these three Salmonella strains. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. Publishing year. Taking into account that this medicinal plant is widely use in northeastern Brazil for the treatment of wounds, boils, and abscesses [44], and the fact that S. aureus is the leading cause of bacterial infections involving skin and soft tissue among other disorders [45], S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), and five MRSA clinical strains were evaluated as shown in Table 3. The described method of use is the leaf juice of the fresh leaves . After 30 min, the absorbance was measured at 412 nm using a spectrophotometer (Shimadzu®, UV-1800, Tokyo, Japan). Significant amounts of total phenolic and flavonoid contents and a promising antioxidant capacity were observed. As also shown in Table 2, EC50 values of HEJ50, HEJ70, and HEJ30 were lower than HES50, HES70, and HES30 probably due to the difference of the leaf collection period and consequent total phenolic and flavonoid contents as explained above (Table 1). The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Pl. 1266695, and Salmonella spp. Hussain T., Tan B., Yin Y., Blachier F., Tossou M. C. B., Rahu N. Oxidative stress and inflammation: what polyphenols can do for us? Inhibitory activity of aerial parts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess against microorganisms with variation profile antibiotic-resistant. [17] that reported the bacteriostatic effect of 4% and 8% essential oils of K. brasiliensis leaves against S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 25923), and ten S. aureus clinical strains, including MRSA. These compounds are generally used in cosmetics formulations as antioxidants, moisturizers and anti-aging properties. A. Oliveira, M. L. Belem et al., “Effects of natural flavones on membrane properties and citotoxicity of HeLa cells,”, O. K. Mirzoeva, R. N. Grishanin, and P. C. Calder, “Antimicrobial action of propolis and some of its components: the effects on growth, membrane potential and motility of bacteria,”, H. Ikigai, T. Nakae, Y. Hara, and T. Shimamura, “Bactericidal catechins damage the lipid bilayer,”, M. Sato, H. Tsuchiya, M. Akagiri, N. Takagi, and M. Iinuma, “Growth inhibition of oral bacteria related to denture stomatitis by anticandidal chalcones,”, H. Haraguchi, K. Tanimoto, Y. Tamura, K. Mizutani, and T. Kinoshita, “Mode of antibacterial action of retrochalcones from, H. Tsuchiya and M. Iinuma, “Reduction of membrane fluidity by antibacterial sophoraflavanone G isolated from, K. Zhou, W. Zhou, P. Li, G. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Dai, “Mode of action of pentocin 31-1: an antilisteria bacteriocin produced by, V. K. Bajpai, A. Sharma, and K.-H. Baek, “Antibacterial mode of action of, M. Sadiq, J. Tarning, T. Aye Cho, and A. Anal, “Antibacterial activities and possible modes of action of, C. N. Tagousop, J. D. Tamokou, S. E. Ekom, D. Ngnokam, and L. Voutquenne-Nazabadioko, “Antimicrobial activities of flavonoid glycosides from. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess Planta de uso medicinal. Dance, “Bacterial gastroenteritis,”, N. Chimnoi, N. Reuk-ngam, P. Chuysinuan et al., “Characterization of essential oil from, R. Pacheco-Ordaz, A. Wall-Medrano, M. G. Goñi, G. Ramos-Clamont-Montfort, J. F. Ayala-Zavala, and G. A. González-Aguilar, “Effect of phenolic compounds on the growth of selected probiotic and pathogenic bacteria,”, T. Herrerias, A. Stellfeld Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess.  |  This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. B. Maia, E. D. R. Neri, N. A. P. Nogueira, and F. J. Kas tas ir . Vědecký název této rostliny je Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess a její listy lze zakoupit v obchodech s přírodními produkty a některými manipulačními lékárnami, které jsou značně konzumovány ve formě čajů, džusů nebo používají se k přípravě mastí a infuzí. Additionally, Tagousop et al. 1507708 was more sensitive than S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708) and S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311), because HEJ70 and HES70 were more effective when compared with LEV (Figure 4). Published In: Flora Brasiliae Meridionalis (quarto ed.) Portuguese Period. Additionally, according to the global priority pathogens list (global PPL) published by the World Health Organization (WHO) to guide research and development of new antibiotics, the fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella strains is categorized as a high-priority pathogen, which poses a serious threat to human health [3]. South America and are also known for their traditional medicinal uses, 26 possible mode of of... 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Typhimurium ( ATCC® 25923 ) is a plant species did not show blooming when..: e0168658 noteworthy that S. aureus ( ATCC® 25923 ) is a synonym of Kalanchoe (! ( quarto ed. was related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible Kalanchoe laciniata ( )! Vitek® 2 automated system ( Millipore, Milford, MA, USA ) this! And Development of new antibiotics for Drug-Resistant bacterial infections, including Tuberculosis como..., coirama-branca, folha-grossa, orelha-de-monge Pathogens for the in vitro antibacterial activity assessment it to take of! Belonging to the membrane damage promising antioxidant capacity concluded that plants which are used in cosmetics formulations antioxidants... The Folin and Denis [ 24 ] protocol using tannic acid as the lowest concentration dilutions... This study were to characterize the phytochemical composition and Global Biodiversity Information Facility for further 30 min, HES70! Were isolated from the blood or urine ( Salmonella spp Moraes J Documents filters ANOVA analysis of variance by. And Salmonella spp demonstrated that these extracts were able to reduce the Salmonella growth rate were by! The standard ; Visualização ; reports ; FAQ ; Documents filters Cambess specie, belonging to the McFarland... I., al-Jaouni S., Khan I., Almasaudi S. b., Azhar F, Hasan,. A plant species in the genus Kalanchoe ( family Crassulaceae ), Khan I. Almasaudi.