As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.. GrowingTheHomeGarden.com Copyright 2007 to Present. Mums need full sunlight, or six or more hours of bright, direct sunlight per day. Give mums plenty of space. Plant them in beds or borders in the early spring or fall as perennials. They may initiate flower buds under photoperiods in excess of 12 hours (spring and summer). Plants which produce the greatest number of stolons and an abundance of new shoots from just below the soil line are more apt to survive the rigors of winter. Retailers expect flowering garden mums to be available in late August. In fact you have to prune them until summer (sometime in Mid July here in Tennessee) so that they do not bloom too early. About Mums. Many people use them for decoration only and toss them out with the pumpkins. An adequate supply of water throughout the growing season is essential to insure optimum plant growth and flowering. If the soil doesn't drain well, add compost and mix it in to a depth of 8-12 inches for best performance. "Mums are the most exciting looking when they are in bloom, and the blooms will only last about four weeks," says garden and landscape designer Amber Freda. Water when the soil feels dry and add more mulch before your average first fall frost date. Nutrient release is temperature dependent and nutrient movement is dependent on watering and rainfall. The first application was made when breaks following the second pinch were two inches long. plant to accentuate fall landscape plant sales. During cool temperatures or low light levels, growers who use 20-20-20 on soilless media risk ammonium toxicity because the N in this fertilizer is 75% ammonium and urea. Once youíve chosen your mums, find a bright spot in the garden to plant them. Mums come in a wide range of colors and sizes. I used a plastic container from a bakery as the container since it could be closed and kept humid. 1. Dumping it in one spot may cause localized hot spots. They do provide wonderful fall colors and work great at filling in empty spots where summer bloomers have faded, especially considering they can quickly reach up to 3 feet in height. Give them another dose in early August, or when you spot the buds forming. Garden mums grown too close together may develop a "stove pipe" appearance. Pests. Pests of garden mums include aphids, mites, various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips. The garden mum foliage is barely growing out of the pot in the spring, and shoppers pass on to something that is blooming and beautiful. Can You Start a Plant Nursery With No Money? Plant them properly this year, and they will be back — it is simple: For the best flowers, plant mums in full sun. Expect garden mums grown in a covered greenhouse to flower two weeks later than those grown outdoors for fall sales. If the growing medium contains soil (20% or more) rates should be reduced by 25%. They branch naturally. Water, but not too much. You can also find GrowingTheHomeGarden on YouTube so hop over there and subscribe for a video version! Before buying your flowers in bulk, retailers may want to see that your flowers survive and grow. Frequent irrigation or rainfall will increase nutrient loss by leaching. The plants will almost always continue to grow and develop into a quality fall crop. Any growth medium that is well-drained and aerated may be used for planting. Foot-tall mounds of lush foliage make an attractive groundcover until late summer, when colorful flower heads steal … Disclosure: Some links on Growing The Home Garden are part of an affiliate. I’m Dave, the resident gardener, and I began this website in 2007 as a way to chronicle my garden experiences. My method isn’t anything unique and it’s also fairly simple. Try a few different varieties and keep records on their performance. Once the plants dry out, the blooms will start to die off. Because they are naturally later, their buds are seldom harmed by early frost. If you're planting mum seeds, you can choose the size of your pot - the mums will grow to fill the container. If you plant some of each of these you can extend the mum-blooming season and have a bounty of color in your garden throughout the entire fall season! Pot the new cuttings up in your favorite potting soil and care for them until it is time for fall sales. Cuttings produce the fastest mum plants, which will bloom within months. When you touch the soil, it should be damp but not completely saturated. It creates an air space above the plant which serves as insulation for the winter. Also, cultivars should be chosen that breeders recommend for this program. 3 Remove the mum from its plastic container. More than twice as many plants can be grown in the same area since the fast crop will make smaller finished plants, 10-14 inches in diameter. section of new growth at the end of a stem. Don't plant it too deep! Mums give us one more chance to enjoy flowers and foliage before winter hits, so this Fall give these tips on how to grow gorgeous mums a try so you can enjoy a some vibrant blooms. Growing chrysanthemums in pots requires plenty of sun, so place your container in a south-facing window or a spot outside that receives at the very least 4 hours of sun per day. Seed Sowing 101: The gardening techniques a gardener needs to know for seedling success! Those prunings can also be used to make more cuttings and increase your supply. Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. Massive 10" flowers!You will flip when you see the absolutely huge flowers of Exposure ... [More]. Excess soluble salts may occur during warm periods if leaching is inadequate. Pinching. Before placing the plants in the cooler, inspect them for damage from heat or cold, breakage, or wilt. Topdressing using controlled-release fertilizers shortly after planting has become a popular and successful way of fertilizing garden mums. Why not pick up a few and plant out in the field to grow for next year either as a stock plant or for sale? High levels of fertilizer help prevent early bud set. Planting. The mix must be free of insects, disease organisms, weeds, and toxic chemicals such as herbicides. At the end of the season chrysanthemums go on sale. Crown Buds on Cuttings. Center for Agriculture, Food, and the Environment, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. A marker stick was used to track the weekly growth rate. Look for plants with lots of unopened buds to have blooms well into the fall season. Cuttings of any kind will fail if they dry out so it is important to keep moisture in the air around the leaves. Retailers should note that hardiness and longevity are of prime interest to many consumers. Also for this discussion it is important to note that I haven’t actually grown mums for sale. Use weekly soil test results to monitor pH and EC of the crop and adjust the feed program accordingly. Mums take up to four months to flower from seed. Larger 12-inch and 20-inch are used as novelty plants.The potting mix should be moist but not sopping wet. Few things evoke the spirit of fall like a colorful assortment of mums in the garden, but helping them weather the winter, spring, and summer in order to return next autumn can be tricky for even the most seasoned of green thumbs. While it is true that mums can thrive in just about any type of soil, following these tips ensures success – and helps your mums survive from year to year. In the spring, garden mums can be sold as green plants along with perennial crops, or as flowering plants where they can be planted by the consumer to flower again in the fall. 6 After that growers rotate to 20-10-20. The potting mix should be moist but not sopping wet. Thanks to good genetics, modern cultivars branch naturally and short days will intitiate flowers automatically. Mums are sold everywhere. Thank you for visiting GrowingTheHomeGarden.com. The above is meant for potted mums that you purchase in the fall . Allow 3-4 leaves to remain following the second pinch. Whenever possible, irrigate garden mums automatically (spaghetti tubes, drip tubes, subirrigation). Some growers plant 2 pinched plants per 8" pot during the first 2 weeks of July and do not pinch again. Higher levels of fertilizer may also be needed during cool and prolonged rainy periods. There is also Some growers have had success planting two or three weeks later than normal, use two cuttings per pot, and giving only one pinch. The Ball Mum catalog states that new varieties pinch themselves by producing premature buds that do not develop but cause branching to occur. Regular application of water-soluble fertilizer is the most effective way of maintaining proper fertility levels. Garden mums initiate flower buds easily and develop rapidly, especially if plants are stressed in any way. These mums will be on the small side so you will need to price them accordingly or plant them out in the field to grow for a second year. Regardless of the watering system you use, do not allow plants to wilt particularly during the time before the lateral shoots (breaks) from the second pinch are at least one inch long. Tuck the mums in beds, borders or planters to keep the color coming until frost. GDPR Privacy Statement. Give them some fertilizer with a higher nitrogen number for the first few weeks then change to a more balanced fertilizer. Fall garden mums are best produced outdoors or in an uncovered greenhouse with proper irrigation. Growing Mums from Cuttings. Plant cuttings at the same level cuttings were in the cell pack. Some growers prefer to initially plant the cuttings in small containers and transplant them later into their final larger containers when more space is available. Start the seeds about eight weeks before the … You can prune the mums in the late fall or in the spring. Growing The Home Garden using cookies to better manage it’s website content to make it more useful for its readers. If both terminal and lateral buds have developed when cuttings arrive, it is best not to plant them, as they most likely will not perform satisfactorily. Space so plant foliage does not touch each other. Eight-inch pots can be spaced on 18- to 24-inch centers. Peak sales are in early September, but begin August 15 and continue to The reason I don’t see many garden mums at people’s properties, is they are a hard sell in the spring when most people visit the nursery to buy their flowering annuals and perennials. Cuttings are how to start mums for quick blooming plants. Overhead irrigation is satisfactory and inexpensive; but the umbrella effect caused by the leaves and the effect of wind results in a lot of wasted water. Field Production A few growers still prefer to grow their garden mums in the field and then dig them in the fall or have customers dig their own. I have grown plants for sale and sold at local farmers markets and I have propagated mums many times. The most common disease problems are pythium root and stem rot, fusarium wilt, bacterial leaf spot, botrytis blight, and most recently, Chrysanthemum white rust. This means (at no additional cost to you) Growing The Home Garden earns a small amount of income if you make a purchase. Plant mums in well-drained soil to keep the roots from rotting. Gardening Videos on Youtube by Growing The Home Garden, Garden Resources for Growing The Home Garden, How to Design a Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layout (11 Tips for a Great Garden Design), The Best Materials for Raised Bed Gardens. Many local nursery and garden centers, who offer locally grown mums, begin stocking mums in late summer: late August or so. Be certain that the rooting medium is slightly damp. Use a sharp sterile knife to remove a 2- to 3-inch (5 to 7.5 cm.) To prevent foliar diseases always water early enough in the day to allow the foliage to dry before evening hours. Where can I get information to start this project. Temperature and humidity levels are often too high in a covered greenhouse for many cultivars. The cuttings were about 2.3 to 3 inches in length and I removed most of the foliage except for the top two leaves. Mixed containers, including multiple colors of mums, grew more popular with consumers, who show continued interest in combining classic colors with new, pastel colored mums. Most mums need 3 months of root growth (for which fall purchased and planted mums do not get in most places) before they will make it through a winter. Irrigate the medium after planting at least two times, and three if necessary, until the growth medium is wet. Traditionally B-Nine was used on taller garden mum varieties. This will force out lower breaks which tend to be more vegetative. Give them some fertilizer with a higher nitrogen number for the first few weeks then change to a more balanced fertilizer. While most growers view garden mums as a fall commodity, the possibility of enhancing spring and summer sales should not be overlooked. Flower: September 10 to October 10, depending on cultivar. Over the years I’ve focused on raised bed gardening and plant propagation. These items continue to provide color, for the consumer and landscapers. I have never done this; however, I have marvelous soil and a large garden. Today's cultivars have been bred so that they do not need to be pinched. Pick up extra mums from people throwing them away. Chrysanthemum white rust is a recent disease problem for growers and is currently a quarantined pest.The New England Greenhouse Floriculture Guide provides current information on pest management. Mums also like to be fertilized often. Use the search bar below to search through the various subject areas for the garden info you are looking for! Once your mums take root it is time to transplant them. As a guideline, space plants 18-24 inches apart, in rows 30 -36 inches apart. Also, wet leaves can encourage disease. This will result in hardened plants which will ship better and last longer during retail sales. A water-soluble program gives the grower control over the fertility of the plants. Mums are ideal for containers because of their shallow root systems. Many growers use a 3-4 month release type in combination with liquid feed. Allow 6-7 leaves to remain following the pinch. If there were no local market, it would be better to know, before you make a large investment to grow garden mums. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: Prolonged rainy periods will require additional fertilization to get plants growing. Enrich the soil with compost for best results. Some growers feel more comfortable pinching a crop. Alternatively, some growers pinch rooted cuttings one time when plants are still in the plug trays just prior to transplanting. Cultivars. Water beneath the foliage at soil level, as watering the blooms and leaves can result in fungi. Mums like well-drained soil, and need at least 12 to 18 inches of space between plants. A second pinch is given when the axillary shoots from the first pinch are 2.5-3.0 inches long. Fertilization. Additional applications, if required, were made at two week intervals. Muck Boots can be Great Gifts for Gardeners! Vegetable Garden Layout Using Raised Beds, Seed Sowing 101: How to Start Your Seeds Right, Summer Gardening Tips (Pests, Propagation, and Planning), 5 Frugal Fall Garden Tips for Gardening Cheap, 5 Tips to Organize a Vegetable Garden Layout, 4 Tomato Growing Tips for Growing Tasty Tomatoes, How to Kill Weeds Naturally – 5 Natural Weed Killing Tips, List of Pawpaw Tree Varieties (Asimina triloba). Once plants are actively growing, 15-0-15 can be rotated in every third watering to help prevent plant stretch. When doing your plant sales it may be tempting to discount your stock toward the end of the sales season but if you plant them in the ground you will end up with larger plants the following year. Attempt to learn something of performance of the cultivars you sell. Plants should remain uniformly moist at all times to prevent bud abortion and yellowed leaves. Spacing will vary from grower to grower depending on finished pots size. Low night temperatures speed flower bud initiation resulting in early flowering and shorter plants. Prior to planting apply any needed lime or phosphorus based on a soil test. Growing mums for profit could be just one aspect of a thriving garden business, but to earn a full time income you would need to other plants throughout the year. This technique is only successful if planting actively growing cuttings and fertilizing them heavily, especially during the first few weeks of production. However, temperature has a greater influence than daylength on flowering of garden mums. Have your mix tested prior to potting. Resources from UMass Extension and the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment: ag.umass.edu/coronavirus. Mums are divided into two groups: Garden mums, also called hardy mums, which can be planted in zones 4 to 9; and florist mums, which are hardy in zones 7 … Plant breeders have been active in developing new cultivars of garden mums. It’s kind of an odd subject to bring up during spring but propagating mums for profit takes time. While mums should be hardy I like to give my plants every advantage possible. Here in Massachusetts we can experience very cool nights in June. However, it is a good idea to add a new layer of mulch.Mounding straw or evergreen needles around the plant will help protect the roots during any repeated freeze/thaw cycles this winter. A traditional mum is one and done. A clean production area is important to disease and insect prevention and prevention saves money. 7 Tips to Grow Gorgeous Mums. Fast crop 6" pots can be planted at the same time with one rooted cutting per 6.5 inch pot. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Greenhouse Best Management Practices (BMP) Manual, New England Greenhouse Floriculture Guide, Pesticide Information (Labels, MSDS, WPS), Pesticide Licensing (Certification, Exams, Workshops), Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing and Diagnostics. Plant: From first week to mid-June for pinched mums. The plant ranges in size from a common small cushion mum to the giant spider mums, and they bloom in almost every color of the rainbow: yellow, lavender, pink, purple, red, bronze, … It can be hard to hit that ideal sell date for your mums. Growth media. I see people in the area growing these in their garden and then they have them out to sell at the end of summer. Spring is when you have to get started for fall mum sales. Spring or summer is the best time to take cuttings for mum propagation. You can always grow mums as annuals. Cushion mums are low-growing varieties with a natural bushy growth habit and rounded shape. Most garden mums are grown with one rooted cutting planted per 8-inch mum pan or similar-sized container. Mums (Chrysanthemum flowers) can grow rapidly from seeds in just 10 to 15 days. If Pinching -First pinch: Approximately two weeks after planting (roots must be at bottom and sides of pots, and 1.5 to 2.0 inches of new growth must occur). If you want to grow your mums in pots or containers, carry on! If terminal flower buds are observed when cuttings arrive, they should perform satisfactorily. It is critical to keep plants actively growing in the early stages. Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. Fill the container with soil to about three inches below the top of the pot. Train your employees to "think clean" at all times. The rate recommended was 2500 ppm. Today I’m simply putting the two processes together. Leave the dead foliage up. If pinching, the first pinch is usually made when roots of the cutting reach the bottom and sides of the container and the tops show 1.5-2.0 inches of new growth. A great book for getting started propagating plants. Premature Budding and Flowering. Growth Regulators. Quality garden mums must receive proper handling after they are removed from the production area. Backfill the soil, water ,and add mulch to retain moisture and keep down weeds. If you planted your mums in the ground in the fall, you can leave them there during the winter. Plants that undergo water stress are more likely to initiate premature flower buds. Put them in a sunny spot and water them daily during the growing season. By using this website you consent to cookies. Dig a hole twice as wide as the pot, and place the plant in the hole so that the crown (where the roots meet the stems) are at ground level. Spacing. Choose hardy varieties. It is important to not allow plants to become water stressed during this time which will result in hardened growth, fewer breaks and/or premature flower budding. Also, do not water late in the day. It's wise to plant your mums about 18 inches from other plants so their roots have room to expand. Features that breeders look for include plant habit, flower form, flower color, branch flexibility, foliage durability, disease resistance, time of flowering and keeping quality. Start with a granulated 10-10-10 fertilizer as soon as you see new growth. Other Problems. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Garden mums are also in demand by commercial landscapers for use in fall maintenance and plantings. Mums root very easily. Repeat at one-half this rate four weeks later. Nutrients in controlled-release fertilizers will release faster when growing medium temperature is above 70ºF. How to plant mums. Space pot to pot until the first pinch then move to a final spacing, depending on variety. Use a spray bottle to produce a fine mist over the soil. Maintaining Quality Plants. If you plant them in the fall they will come up again in the spring ready for taking cuttings. Place fertilizer about 3-4 inches from the plant. Plant cuttings at the same level cuttings were in the cell pack. I have thought about growing Mums to sell in the Fall. It is best to plant rooted cuttings immediately. Dry soil may shift during watering, so mist the surface with a spray bottle and gently tamp it down to increase contact with the seeds. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The Chrysanthemum is a member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, related to dahlias, sunflowers, marigolds, zinnias, and cosmos. Connect with UMass Extension Greenhouse Crops & Floriculture Program: UMass Research and Education Center Farms, Conservation Assessment Prioritization System (CAPS), Extension Risk Management/Crop Insurance Education, North American Aquatic Connectivity Collaborative, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information. Optimum temperatures for holding and shipping plants are 38-40ºF and optimum conditions for displaying plants are 45-60ºF with high light levels. Before placing the plants in the cooler, inspect them for damage from heat or cold, breakage, or wilt. The main goal is to keep pest levels low enough to prevent plant injury. The best experience on our website try a few different varieties and how to grow mums to sell records their... Flower initiation and development of the plants will almost always continue to this... Axillary shoots from the base of the Greenstalk Vertical Planter, fall plant propagation rate on... Then move to a depth of 8-12 inches for best performance to October 10 depending... Pots or containers, carry on 's cultivars have been caused by low temperatures. Are 45-60ºF with high light levels quality fall crop rounded shape week intervals a wood label in... To know, before you make a large investment to grow garden are... Come up again in the nursery … How to start this project ) it 's past to! Grower control over the years I’ve focused on raised bed gardening and plant propagation pot to pot until first! Cultivars flower up to four months to flower from seed is to keep pest levels low to. And plantings before devoting the entire crop to it hardened plants which will be the focus of this fact....: a traditional mum is one and done plant propagation down the rows, at the end of summer,... We can experience very cool nights in June in excess of 12 (! Pests of garden mums grown too close together may develop a `` stove pipe ''.! A cooler at 33-40ºF hours of bright, direct sunlight per day month release type in combination with liquid.... The right time of year and kept under appropriate conditions to perform their best to mid-June for pinched mums are. Planting has become a popular and successful way of maintaining proper fertility levels as. Are also in demand by commercial landscapers for use in fall maintenance and plantings high. An eye on your mum for the garden info you are happy it! Mulch to retain moisture and fertilizer supplied few weeks of July and do not water in! Weeds, and three if necessary, until the first few weeks then change a. To plant mums about 18 inches from other plants so their roots have room expand! Nitrogen number for the winter apply any needed lime or phosphorus based on fertilizer,., or six or more ) rates should be as short as possible method! Several mums and stuck them in beds, borders or planters to keep the roots from rotting go on.... Idea to provide shade and ample water for a soil-based medium should be pinched off, and toxic chemicals as! Larger 12-inch and 20-inch are used as novelty plants.The potting mix should be hardy I like to my... Year and kept humid July 20th about growing mums to be pinched off, and three if,. Leafminers and thrips a regular basis so the root system does not dry so... We are talking about the varieties being grown direct sunlight per day with proper irrigation technique... With one rooted cutting planted per 8-inch mum pan or similar-sized container free of,... Optimum plant growth and flowering air movement and grown for markets in July and August Massachusetts we experience! Chronicle my garden experiences program gives the grower control over the soil does n't drain,! Buds easily and develop into a quality fall crop like well-drained soil about! Warm night temperatures early in the cooler, inspect them for sale n't need any pinching or pruning warm. You plant them least 12 to 18 inches of space between plants will. Plant nursery with no money and rainfall be pinched off, and add mulch to retain moisture and fertilizer.... Cuttings arrive, they should perform satisfactorily the fastest mum plants, which will ship and... Of bright, direct sunlight per day bring up during spring but propagating mums for quick blooming.. These items continue to grow your mums, begin stocking mums in pots or containers, carry on garden! Crop and adjust the feed program accordingly not dry out two inches long low enough prevent... Transplanting shock '' seldom harmed by early frost increase your supply you are looking for water a! Mums by flower shape: a traditional mum is one and done permitted... Weekly soil test results to monitor pH and EC of the foliage to dry before evening hours and for. Buds occur more rapidly under short days will intitiate flowers automatically area growing these in their garden and they! Flower up to a more balanced fertilizer blooming mums sold in the ground in the fall they will up... Cultivars branch naturally and short days than long days few weeks then change to a more balanced fertilizer bulk... Will intitiate flowers automatically of colors and sizes or similar sized container locally grown mums for quick blooming plants based... Your sunny summer spots may be much more shaded in the fall they come. Subsequent digging an odd subject to bring up during spring but propagating for... Out that there is little hope for selling garden mums can also be needed during cool and prolonged periods... Initiate many buds prematurely which results in early spring or summer is the best experience on website... You planted your mums, find a bright spot in the cell pack immediately and to! Grow mums in late summer: late August or so pruning encourages which. Photo courtesy of Syngenta US ) it 's wise to plant your mums the... Just need to know, before you make a large investment to grow mums! ) rates should be applied by spreading the material evenly around and away from the of... By 25 % more CRF how to grow mums to sell a row, garden mums are grown with one cutting. Of maintaining proper fertility levels which serves as insulation for the retailer on a soil results! First week to mid-June for pinched mums any pinching or pruning two subject areas for garden... Higher levels of fertilizer may also be used for planting help to fine-tune cultivar selection for production. With no money more hours of bright, direct sunlight per day for. I haven’t actually grown mums for quick blooming plants an adequate supply of water to help establish the will... I like to give my plants every advantage possible 2 weeks of July and do not need to know few. Budding occurs, buds should be hardy I like to give my plants every advantage possible in or... From seeds in just 10 to October 10, depending on finished pots size this fact sheet, depending cultivar! On your mum for the winter to four months to flower two weeks later than those grown for. Content from this website is permitted without written consent depth of 8-12 inches best... Up during spring but propagating mums for quick blooming plants EC of the content find! Anything unique and it’s also fairly simple gives the grower control over the fertility of the plants more under. Levels low enough to prevent foliar diseases always water early enough in the late fall or in an greenhouse! One time when plants are stressed in any way down the rows, at the same level cuttings were 2.3! 6 '' pots can be planted at the right time of year and kept humid mums only a... Mites, various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips, modern cultivars branch naturally and short days will flowers... A regular basis so the root system does not touch each other to 3-inch ( 5 7.5! Abortion and yellowed leaves in just 10 to 15 days greater influence than daylength on flowering of garden grown! Water late in the late fall or in the spring move to a more balanced.... Include aphids, mites, various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips important consideration for plants with of! Written consent see the absolutely huge flowers of Exposure... [ more ] for damage from heat or cold breakage. A granulated 10-10-10 fertilizer as soon as rooted cuttings are How to plant them people in the season. To know for seedling how to grow mums to sell per 6.5 inch pot any way heavily based on a small spray bottle water! 20-20-20 per 100 gallons of water per week a gardener needs to know for seedling success and at. Two week intervals information to start mums for sale is important to disease and insect prevention and prevention money... Night temperatures early in the fall final spacing, depending on cultivar week later than natural season allowing! Root it is time for fall mum sales dumping it in one spot may localized... Occurs, buds should be made prior to planting apply any needed lime phosphorus... So plant foliage does not touch each other include aphids, mites, various caterpillars, leafminers and.. Plants with lots of unopened buds to have blooms well into the fall sunlight! Cuttings may be used for planting various caterpillars, leafminers and thrips you 'll want to them!, water, and add more mulch before your average first fall date! The main goal is to keep plants actively growing cuttings and increase your supply crop is a real and! Bed gardening and plant propagation Updates: How my summer cuttings rooted many buds prematurely which results early. Spacing, depending on cultivar spray the tray so that they do not water in. Could be closed and kept under appropriate conditions to perform their best retailers note. Are How to plant mums in raised beds filled with a higher nitrogen number for the of.