Lv 7. Therefore, every individual has the right to make their own decisions about how they practice their religion. The French government will do well to learn from past mistakes of imposing sanctions on their people and its end results i.e. However, this arrangement depended on the country and sometimes changed according to the ruler. Some religions even support and approve of incest especially brother-sister incest which can be seen in Egyptian, Japanese and Chinese royal families of the olden days. According to Wilson, secularization is the process where the sacred is slowly fading away to non-religious aspect (Wilson, 1982). Regardless of historical and constitutional background that affects the interpretation of secularism, the behavior of the society towards secularism in the state also matters. It is my personal knowledge that this system is absolutely ridiculous. To my understanding, African countries like Nigeria cannot function well under secular rule because of the various religious groups in the country. Like most, he questions how humans came into existence, and how the world will end, but rather than using a religious approach, he uses a scientific approach in which his answers are explained by science. Secularization theory conceives of virtually anything that differs from traditional Christian religion as ‘non-religious’, ‘less religious’, or not ‘really religious’. The concept and its application grew stronger with the French revolution carrying until today. The country also recognizes other practices of the less populated traditional religions accepting some things like marriage, paternity and adoption without a need for a legal representative at the time. Secularism: Conflicts and Opportunities Manifested The idea of secularization suggests that religion is becoming less prominent in society and its institutions less influential in the lives of individuals. It is perfectly allowed to sanction those that refuse to show their faces for security reasons, but why persecute all on the basis of a notion or what a minority does? If we want to limit speech because of harm then we will have to ban a lot of political speech. The media has the power to alter the ideologies and mindsets of the masses. This leads to religion being less influential as well as a plurality of religions in society. That being said, another topic of debate - and of study for sociologists - is exactly how religious we are. The current location of debate in religion studies and sociology of religion is almost exclusively on moderate theories: “The debate is now between what we may call moderate secularization theories of religion’s diminishing importance in society, and theories that question these predictions” (3). It is paramount to understand that secularism promotes religious freedom while keeping it from influencing its laws while atheism does not support the practice of religion at all. Thus, it can be seen that sufferings of people of the poor at the hands of the church led to many Europeans acceptance of atheism. In Steve Bruce’s Modernity: The Great Satan, Bruce mentions how citizens began to think of … *You can also browse our support articles here >. The U.S. is one of the most diverse, religious, high-income nations of the world. the revolution. The great religious upheaval of the sixteenth century contributed to the long-term decline of religion and the rise of secularism in the West, although few of the participants could have foreseen this at the time. Religious beliefs may influence a number of human attitudes and behaviors, including those related to starting or operating a business. religion, secularization was used to describe the trans-fer of territories held by the church to the control of political authorities. On the other hand, non-secular and Old Europe frowned upon something like this. Rationalization is the change of how people think and evidently act on those thoughts. The modern world should not abandon or relegate religion to the side as it is being done in most modern states. For example, the Middle Eastern states that use Islam as their official religion use the Qur’an and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) as their law. One group of writers believes it is happening, while other writers consider it to be a myth and that the religion is merely changing. This might a present a problem to most states when it comes to law making. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Religion can be a hot topic in our society. What did rise of communism do? Religious institutions are not seen as being as important as they once were. Atheist can also be tolerated and their views heard. It is the sole source of law and everyone is expected to obey its rules and regulations and failure to do so results in punishment of the guilty person or persons by religious decree. Fornication and adultery are seen as a sin from a religious point of view everywhere in the world. Thus, by separating or not separating religion and state, chaos occurs. The religious figures like Dhirendra Brahmachari and Chandra Swami have influenced decision-making. However, if the exclusion of religion … Human sacrifice brought about rainfall, good harvest and abundant wealth. Sociological theories since the 1960s described modernization more-or-less in Weberian fashion, as rationalization through institutional differentiation. This era can be identified with one of Europe’s most scandalous and licentious relationships and lots of unmarried mothers who suffered greatly. However, this example is unique to those societies that at the time were not very religious, frivolous and at times chaotic. People might not realize but media and secularism are interlinked. George Kateb (1996), however, has made an interesting argument that runs as follows. There may be religious sacrifices as in the widow burning in Hinduism or stoning in Islam, it however, does not claim as many lives as suicide in the Western secular states. However, the Christian world (West) has learned another lesson from European history of Christian wars and its rules. Tolerance of other religions will be developed. Thus, bastard children belonging to the nobles and aristocrats were very high in number with a great many of the sons given titles while the daughters are at most times educated. The leaders of these countries had been there since kingdom come but are not ready to lose that power they hold so in their grip. Another clearer effect (though it is also a manifestation of secularization) is the disentangling of religions and governments. Religion is absolute i.e. Religions become more flexible, and less attached to their roots, as they try to attract people. This however, seemed to lessen the punishment taking it away from women and children but mostly between men and their feudal lords. First official separation of Church and State in 1799. Current president Barack Obama also hit a brick wall during his campaign for the post. For example, Italian renaissance that was characterized with frivolity and worldly pursuits because of they were not practicing religious sayings. 12 Effects of Secularism in Islam, Secularism can be simplified as an ideology that distinct or separated religion and state or society, In their perspective religion is for individuals and should not affected the state form or law or rules. As many people stand unable to answer, many others directly think about atheism. The West is the way it is thanks to these people who lived hundreds of years ago. Furthermore, both of the aforementioned practices have falling into disuse while suicide is the most upcoming and pressing problem of deaths in secular societies. He wrote an essay about a dying blind professor, Lettre sur les aveugles, in which he promoted his ideology. “Imagine There’s No Heaven” is an article in which Salman Rushdie, the author, presents an atheistic view where religion is pointless, and a higher being is non-existent. It goes to show that both secular and non-secular states need to work on where they stand in the modern world. Nepotism and segregation or prejudice due to religious difference will greatly reduce. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Times have changed since people will take in stride what the state dictates. Democracy can be said to be highly overrated because most states practicing it can also infringe on the rights of others and not tolerate their religious freedom. It can be said that religion threw Europe in to a state of war, but it cannot be refuted that it also brought about stability at the time of its emergence in Europe. This influenced so many people not to vote him fairly based on a judgment of his character. For example, the law that was passed in France by President Nicholas Sarkozy to prevent Muslim women from covering their head infringed on their freedom of religion and expression. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! In my opinion, it all comes down to greed and the lust for power. Media comprises of groups, individuals, websites, TV channels and other forms, that have the job to convey information to people. However, after the wave of frivolity during the renaissance had been cleared by Paul III and hid successors, the enlightenment age brought with it a new wave of low moral standards. Due to secularization, Berger states that religions have become almost institutionalized, and marketed as a business would market a product. Religion (overall) is the belief in a superpower; whatever that superpower may be is up to the type of religion. It also encompasses the entire life of a person, from his or her birth, daily activities and even to demise and further. ScholarWorks Citation. However, in communist states state atheism is promoted. As some figures and statistics show, the world religions are declining in number as more and more people stop believing in God. Without a dramatic reversal of the increasing cultural autonomy of the individual, secularization is irreversible. A wife was mainly the means to an heir. Secularization is a cultural transition in which religious values are gradually replaced with nonreligious values. The “good” were able to exercise their will to power and, Is it because religion says so or that’s what our shared knowledge? It took a revolution for most of these rulers to surrender and step aside; however, some refuse like Libyan and Yemenis presidents. Hence the way the state interprets secularism and the behavior of the society towards secularism are important. For example, King Richard the Lion Heart of England was a strong catholic and a leader of the crusades therefore, had a good standing with the church while his brother John also known as John Lackland who became king after him did not. These rules have been sometimes to the advantage of society and at other times to its detriment. In the first essay, Nietzsche discusses the etymology of the words “good” and “bad” and how they have evolved over time to have completely different meanings, meanings that he does not agree with, due to the priestly class. The effect of religion on economic growth has been widely explored, and in general found to be positive , . For Christianity, I believe the Vatican is a typical example of a religious state being ruled by a religious system that works pretty darned good. This latter view is not often expressed because, as already noted, most people think that free speech should be limited if it does cause illegitimate harm. Substantive definitions define a religious belief system as involving relations between the ‘natural’ and supernatural spheres. In this essay which is an interior monologue, Fanon uses the constructed identity of the oppressed narrator by the racist oppressors as:' "Dirty nigger! As a result of secularization the role of religion in modern societies becomes restricted. Although, the monarchs and aristocrats still indulged in the “pleasures of the flesh” and the priests and society look the other way as long as they are discreet for instance Henry VII with his six wives and countless mistresses. It is believed Diderot’s sister’s death in a convent where she was a nun contributed to his dislike of religion. If state is separated from religion, laws will have no direct religious influence. Religion does not now solely determine their economic pursuits or matters regarding marriage, education, sex and family life. Furthermore, in terms of my friend, he thinks that it’s rule of Hinduism to get marry within your religion zone and that’s how the religious knowledge which is shared knowledge has shaped his personal. Social Context: MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT For instance, Islam in Arabia pulled the people out of ignorance or Jahiliyyah as the period is known to a blissful time of peace and love for all. ", "Negro!"' Turkey and Secularism However, both sides can be argued according to one’s own point of view. The state will not add religious expenses to its budget leaving it with more funds to pursue other state matters or problems. The problem with the debate is that writers use different definitions of religion. He continues to express that religion acts as a prison for many and as a way to gain power over the few,also to keep us from reaching our potential. The Indian culture under the influence of western culture has assimilated new ideas. Religion In doing so, we advance no religion at the expense of another religion. But sadly, the world is yet to open their eyes and learn from past mistakes. This popular kind of thinking cannot be more wrong. One is that it is too narrow; the other is that it is too broad. There are so many diverse views on God, Heaven, Hell, and hundreds of other religious aspects that they seem to be constantly debated. Nonetheless, it is wiser to keep religion as a basis for law making. The separation of religion and state laws both has its advantages and disadvantages. European history in its course from the ancient Greeks to the Romans to the Celts and the Vikings to Feudal systems and absolutist Monarchies and finally to the arrival of constitutional monarchy and democracy has shaped the world to what it is today. In my opinion, secularism is a good idea but it also doesn’t get to be practiced the way it is supposed to be. Religious sayings are considered as law. By Alan Coatney, Published on 05/01/16. Religion has no concrete ideal; they are all abstract. Other places that witness Islam as the dominant religion can never use secularism to govern a state. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Therefore, this makes the claim that consensus and disagreement in religion are both required for robust knowledge in innovations; a better outcome. Research on determinants of religiosity has found two contrasting results. Therefore, it is wary of going back for seconds after breaking away and forming other views that do not conform to the Catholic Church. The Pope as its head and the people under him are leaving in a peaceful and non-hectic environment. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. There are two basic responses to the harm principle as a means of limiting speech. Religious Monopolies, Religious Pluralism, and Secularization: The Relationship Between Religious Pluralism and Religious Participation in Sweden. They didn’t care for their people and mostly left them to suffer. What is the first thinking you have when you heard the word secularism? Hence, most people believe the growing rate of atheism should be synonymous with secularism so as to create a balance between the believers and the non-believers. a couple can move in together with the knowledge with both their parents and other people in society. Although there was no tolerance in most countries, the Netherlands allowed these people to publish most of their works and in doing so helped the spread of atheism. Perhaps the most important effect was the reality of religious division itself. This can lead to disadvantages to religious institution as well as to religious people. According to secularization theory, the rise of modernization would lead to a decline of religion and loses its influence culturally and socially. However, most people especially the philosopés like Denis Diderot rejected the idea of God making religion synonymous to societies sufferings. It is still an ongoing debate on whether its benefits outweigh its shortcomings. In the 1700’s different writers and philosophers of the Enlightenment Age had proposed its application in society. Secularization is the process of religion losing the social and cultural authority, and the role that religion plays becomes less significant in society. Islam itself brings an entire system of the way a state under Islamic rule is supposed to function. She was required to be faithful to her husband until she has given him an heir so that there will be no contest as to who the child’s father was. However in Nigeria, the law makers have done a good job inculcating its major religions i.e. They are all very helpful and much appreciated!!! The start of secularization occurred because the rationalization of the society changed. Coatney, Alan, "The Effects of Secularization on Contemporary Religion in American Society" (2016). Another example would be the Indian sacrifice of a widow on her dead husband’s funeral pyre or later times the end of her social life and she is considered a bad luck charm for anyone. Parties coming to power who oppose religion and times of political freedom such as the 1960's allows secularization to thrive. Update: Thank you for all the quick answers! Hence, the amalgamation of these two views still proves to be futile. For example, Nigeria has Islam, Christianity and other Traditional religions– but not as much as the first two- as the official religions of the nation. In short, globalization has helped to transform the religion itself and changed its strategy to address the problems and challenges of globalization to create " world de-secularization ". Using examples from both secular and non-secular societies, this essay will show the effect that secularization has had on both the individual and religion in general. In the stable affluent democracies of the West, the individual asserts the rights of the sovereign autonomous … The increased freedom of religion is also a positive effect for both individuals and religion. Because the olden Norman and Angevin kings of England had had considerable influence with the church, he also assumed he could. The entire nation observes both Islamic and Christian holidays and puts aside money in its budget for different purposes for this religion. Most politicians also do not hide their distaste for other religions as can be seen by Sarah Palin and her anti-Islamic sentiments. Europe was a very religious continent. The most secular states in contemporary times have more than doubled the number of non-secular states. But for the most part, Europe engaged in wars between its countries due to religion sacrificing thousands of lives to its cause. Secularization is a term used by sociologists to refer to a process by which the overarching and transcendent religious system of old is reduced in modern functionally differentiated societies to a subsystem alongside other subsystems, losing in this process its overarching claims over these other subsystems. The three topics most discussed in this debate are religiosity, seculariz… In conclusion, I believe secularism is only applicable to some states while in others it can never be well implemented. This plurality leads religions to be almost in competition with each other as no one religion has the monopoly. This essay will argue that secularization has had negative effects on religion, but positive effects on individuals. On the other hand, theologians or religious scholars will give credit to the positive side of religion for bringing about peace, tranquility and fairness. For an academic (western education), socialist or scientific point of view religion has more negative than positive sides. For instance, in pre-Christian Rome, human sacrifice or bloodshed is said to be the bringer of the god’s and goddesses’ mercy on the people of Rome. This essay will argue that secularization has had negative effects on religion, but positive effects on individuals. Due to the fact that religion can be archaic and a bit narrow in certain progressive/scientific ideals, this religious base disagreement can at most times, lead to a greater, far better outcome. Fornication and adultery are seen as a plurality of religions in society hit a brick wall during campaign. 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